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Galatians, Chapter Four, Lesson Three

CHILDREN OF PROMISE           Page 4

V.25 ** What present day situation (at the time of Paul's writing) corresponded to Hagar and Ishmael?

The "present Jerusalem" who "is in slavery with her children".

** Was Paul referring to the domination of Rome over the nation Israel when he said, "..she is in slavery.."?

No - He is talking about the established legalistic system of self-righteousness that kept her enslaved to sin and the Law. cf. Galatians 3:10 and 25

Analogous to Sarah and Abraham trying in their own flesh to have children by using Hagar, is the religious system of the day in Israel which tried to produce righteousness by the works of the flesh in keeping the Law.

V.26 ** How does Paul now describe the second covenant?

"the Jerusalem above is free" cf. Ephesians 2:19, Colossians 3:1, Philippians 3:20

** Free from what?

Free from being under the curse of the Law!
Free from the hopelessness of trying to earn our way to heaven by being perfect!

** How does Paul drive home the point that the Jerusalem above represents the free woman of verses 22 and 23?

She (allegorically speaking) is our mother. Heaven is seen as giving birth to her children of promise.

** Just as a footnote, will this city always be above?

No, the apostle John saw her! cf. Revelation 21:1-2

V.27 ** What Old Testament passage does Paul now borrow from to make his point about Sarah?

Isaiah 54:1 - Referring to the prophet as he tried to encourage the Jewish exiles in Babylonian
captivity.

** What similarities do you see that speak of Sarah?

1) She was a barren women until her old age.
2) She was not in labor.
3) She would end up with more children than her friends, who had husbands. cf. Genesis 15:5

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