Chapter Four, Lesson Three
CHILDREN OF PROMISE Page
V.25 ** What present day situation (at the time of
Paul's writing) corresponded to Hagar and Ishmael?
The "present Jerusalem" who "is in slavery with her
** Was Paul referring to the domination of Rome over the nation Israel
when he said, "..she is in slavery.."?
No - He is talking about the established legalistic system of self-righteousness
that kept her enslaved to sin and the Law. cf. Galatians 3:10 and 25
Analogous to Sarah and Abraham trying in their own flesh to have children
by using Hagar, is the religious system of the day in Israel which tried
to produce righteousness by the works of the flesh in keeping the Law.
V.26 ** How does Paul now describe the second covenant?
"the Jerusalem above is free" cf. Ephesians 2:19, Colossians
3:1, Philippians 3:20
** Free from what?
Free from being under the curse of the Law!
Free from the hopelessness of trying to earn our way to heaven by being
** How does Paul drive home the point that the Jerusalem above represents
the free woman of verses 22 and 23?
She (allegorically speaking) is our mother. Heaven is seen as giving
birth to her children of promise.
** Just as a footnote, will this city always be above?
No, the apostle John saw her! cf. Revelation 21:1-2
V.27 ** What Old Testament passage does Paul now borrow from to
make his point about Sarah?
Isaiah 54:1 - Referring to the prophet as he tried to encourage the
Jewish exiles in Babylonian
** What similarities do you see that speak of Sarah?
1) She was a barren women until her old age.
2) She was not in labor.
3) She would end up with more children than her friends, who had husbands.
cf. Genesis 15:5
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