Chapter Four, Lesson Three
CHILDREN OF PROMISE Page
** Now, back in Galatians 4:22, what contrast does Paul point out between
these two sons?
One is by a "bondwomen", one is by a "free woman".
"Throughout this analogy, all distinctions between the two sons
are based on the fact that they had two different mothers, not on
the fact that they had a common father! The heritage of the line through
one mother is lostness and bondage, and the heritage of the line through
the other mother is salvation and freedom." John MacArthur Commentary
V.23 ** How did these two sons come to be, according to what?
Ishmael - "...according to the flesh..."
Isaac - "...through the promise..."
** Does "according to the flesh" mean born of a physical relationship
between a man and a women?
No - everyone (including Isaac, excluding Jesus) is born out of that
** Then what does it mean?
Ishmael was produced by Sarah's and Abraham's own effort or works,
and not through faith! (Romans 9:6-9)
** Ishmael then becomes representative of all those who would try to
be saved according to their own fleshly efforts, or salvation by works.
But what about Isaac, what does he represent in this analogy?
Being born "through the promise", Isaac represents those
who are the spiritual descendants of Abraham who was saved by grace
through faith. cf. Galatians 3:7
V.24 ** What does this actual event speak of allegorically?
** What are the two covenants and who represents them?
1) Law and works, represented by Hagar and Ishmael
2) Grace and Faith, represented by Sarah and Isaac
cf. 1Corinthians 11:25 The new covenant in the blood of Jesus Christ!
** How does Paul illustrate the first or old covenant?
Hagar, proceeding from Mt. Sinai, bearing slaves!
to page 2 Go
to page 4