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Galatians, Chapter Two, Lesson Two




V.11 ** We cannot be certain as to when this visit took place but one likely suggestion would be at the conclusion of Paul's first missionary journey. Let's look at that together in Acts 14:19-28. (Read passage)

V. 19 - At Lystra (cf. V.8), Paul is killed!
V. 20 - Paul is brought back to life! (2Cor.12:2-4)
V. 21 - Preaches in Derbe, returns to Lystra.
V. 22 - "Through many tribulations we must enter.."
V. 23 - They appointed elders in every church.
V. 24 to 26 - Paul and Barnabas return to Antioch.
V. 27 - They give their report.
V. 28 - They spend "a long time with the disciples"

It was likely during this stay that Peter visited Paul by coming down to Antioch from Jerusalem.

** Back in Galatians 2:11, on this visit, do you suppose Peter had a wonderful stay in Antioch?

Not hardly! Paul "...opposed him to his face...", he was "Aggressively Confronting" a brother who was wondering from the truth.

** Why did he do that?

Because Peter "stood condemned".

** Does that mean that Peter had lost his salvation?

Absolutely not, Paul simply means Peter was guilty of compromise by the actions he had taken relative to the dietary customs of the Jews. The word "condemned" [kataginosko] means "to blame" and Paul was saying Peter stood accurately accused of having acted in a compromising manner. A different word [katakrima], which means "penalty", speaks of one's soul being lost and does not ever fit the description of a Christian. (cf. Romans 8:1)

V.12 ** Before we look closer at what Peter was doing wrong, what had he been doing that was right?

"...he used to eat with the Gentiles..."

** What does that mean?

A reference to love feasts, followed by communion. cf. Jude 1:12-13, 1Corinthians 11:17-21

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