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Galatians, Chapter One, Lesson Four

THE LEADING OF GOD            Page 3
V.18 (Cont'd.)

** From Acts 9:29, who were the Hellenistic Jews?

These were Jewish people who were not from the Palestine area. They were Greek speaking and had adopted much of the Greek culture. They were most likely the same group that had stoned Stephen back in Acts 7:58-59. cf Acts 6:1, 9

V.19 ** As we return again to Galatians, this time 1:19, how many "apostles" did Paul see in Jerusalem on this short visit?

Two - Peter and James, this is what Luke had in mind when he said in Acts 9:27, "Barnabas took hold of him [Paul] and brought him to the apostles...".

** Where was everybody else?

Due to the persecution that had started, they were fulfilling Acts 1:8 where Jesus said, "you shall be My witnesses both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and even to the remotest part of the earth."

** Does anyone know where we can find a list of the twelve apostles?

Matthew 10:2-4, Mark 3:16-19, Luke 6:14-16

** What problem does this verse present in light of those lists?

This "James" is not an apostle chosen by Christ in those lists!

** Why then would Paul use the term apostle?

James was a recognized leader of the Jerusalem church.(cf. Gal. 2:9, Acts 12:17) These spiritually qualified leaders who guided the church in the absence of the "Twelve" were often called apostles. This was true of Barnabas as well. cf. Acts 14:14

** By the way, according to our verse, which James is this?

He is the Lord's half-brother! cf. Matt. 1:24-25, Matt. 12:46, John 7:3-5, Acts 1:14, 15:13 & 19, 21:17-18 James had become the head of the Jerusalem church!

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