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Galatians, Chapter One, Lesson One

THE AUTHORITY OF GOD            Page 3
V. 1 (Cont'd.)

** Just a footnote, did you notice anything special about who it was that dispatched Paul?

It was "through" Jesus Christ, and God the Father. When a single preposition is used with two objects, it is showing a single source of the action. This paints the picture of equality between Jesus Christ and God, as They are seen acting as One. cf. Colossians.2:9

** What supernatural act does Paul refer to, which adds a stamp of ultimate authority to his apostleship?

The resurrection! God alone has the power to raise Christ from the dead and He alone has the power to proclaim His gospel truth with authority through His ambassador, the apostle Paul. cf. Ephesians 1:18-20 and 2Corinthians 5:20

V. 2 ** Who is accompanying Paul in this opening greeting?

"...all the brethren who are with me..." Namely, Barnabas (Acts 13:42) and those converted to Christ during the apostle's year of ministry in Antioch (Acts 11:25-26).

** Regardless of the names, what constitutes one as a "brother"?

This term became the descriptive term for someone who had placed their faith in Jesus Christ for salvation and as such, they were in the body of Christ and joint heirs to the promises of God.

All see:
Galatians. 3:26 "...sons of God..."
Ephesians 2:19 "...fellow citizens..."
John 1:12 "...children of God..."

** Where do you suppose some of the churches of Galatia were located?

Acts 13:13 Perga, Acts 13:14 Pisidia/Antioch,
Acts 14:1 Iconium, Acts 14:6 Lycaonia, Lystra and Derbe

** What then would be a good term to describe this letter going to so many destinations?

This was a "circular" letter to the believers throughout the region.

V. 3 ** Not only was Paul's apostleship under the authority of God, but what are the next two items we see that can only come by the authority of God?

Grace and peace! Grace is the unmerited favor of God in bestowing salvation upon guilt-laden sinners who turn to Him for deliverance. Peace is the by-product of Grace as we enjoy reconciliation with God which Christ's atoning work accomplished.

God alone has the authority to grant us new life in Jesus Christ and to call us out of our sin.
cf. Ephesians 2:1-2

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