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Ephesians, Chapter Four, Lesson Three

WALKING IN UNITY            Page 2
V.11 (Cont'd.)

** Let's try to find a Biblical definition for these four terms . . .

First - an apostle, apostolos (sent one).

This individual was unique in that he had to be chosen by Christ Himself. He had seen the risen Savior and his words were authenticated by the accompanying miracles that God would do through him. cf. 2Corinthians 12:12

Second - a prophet, prophetes (an interpreter or forth- teller of the divine will).

This person, as a gift from Christ to His church, was used in the local congregation and would speak revelation from God or sometimes, simply expound on revelation already given. cf. Acts 11:21-28 and Acts 21:10-14

** What do the roles of apostle and prophet have in common as they relate to the church?

These two offices were chosen by Christ to be the "foundation" of the church with their writing and teaching the Word of God, by the power of God through signs, wonders and miracles.
cf. Ephesians 2:20

Third - an evangelist, euangelistes (this is the man gifted by God to preach and explain the saving truth of the gospel to those who have not yet believed).

While all Christians are to evangelize (euangelizo) Christ has gifted specific men for this critical proclamation/teaching role. cf. Acts 21:8, 2Timothy 4:5, All see - John 4:1-39

Fourth - pastor/teachers, poimen (shepherd) used with the term didaskalos (an instructor).

Paul is showing us the office and its function with these two terms. The little word kai, translated here as "and" can mean "that is" or "in particular" which makes teaching the primary role of the one called to be a shepherd. cf. Acts 20:28, 1Timothy 5:17

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