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Ephesians, Chapter Three, Lesson One

V. 4 (Cont'd.)

** We know that Jew and Gentile being one in Christ was part of the mystery, but to what further description of that mystery is Paul now referring by mentioning his "insight"?

The mystery of Christ "in you", which he mentions to the Colossians.
cf. Colossians 1:25-27

V. 5 ** Were Old Testament saints aware of these mysteries?

No - "in other generations was not made known to the sons of men". cf. 1Peter 1:10-11

** Did the Holy Spirit ever hint regarding the unity of Jew and Gentile through faith in Christ?

Yes -
Genesis 12:3 - All families...will be blessed
Genesis 22:18 - All nations...will be blessed
Isaiah 11:10 - Nations resort to Christ
Isaiah 49:6 - Salvation to the end of the earth

The Old Testament believer did not generally understand or accept the application of this
marvelous truth.

** What agents does the Holy Spirit now use in our text to make known this mystery?

The apostles and prophets.

** What did we learn last week at the end of chapter two that established this reality?

The church itself was "built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets" - that is their inspired writing of God's revelation. cf. Ephesians 2:20

V. 6 ** As Paul now explains "the mystery of Christ", he will break it down into three specific components. What are they?

1) The Gentiles are fellow heirs
cf. Galatians 3:26-29
2) The Gentiles are fellow members of the body of Christ
cf. 1Corinthians 12:12-13, 20, 26-27
3) The Gentiles are fellow partakers of the promise in Christ Jesus
cf. Ephesians 2:12, Galatians 3:13-14

** How did all of these wonderful blessings come about?

"...through the gospel...", Paul is overwhelmed by the far reaching impact of God's gracious gospel!

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