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Ephesians, Chapter Two, Lesson Three

V.20 (Cont'd.)

** What do you think of when you consider the properties of a building foundation?

It provides strength, support, stability for the building. All see - Luke 6:46-49, cf. Luke 11:28

If we are God's household we should build our lives upon the bedrock of obedience to the Word of God!

** Back in Ephesians 2:20, what are the components of Paul's metaphoric foundation?

The apostles, prophets and Christ Jesus Himself!

** Are the apostles and prophets that Paul speaks of actually the foundation?

No, they were the ones who laid the foundation. The Greek grammatical structure of this sentence indicates that they were the originating agency, but were not the foundation itself. It is referring to the divine revelation that they taught, which we now have in the New Testament.
cf. 1Corinthians 3:10-11

** What distinctions do you see between the two offices of apostle and New Testament prophet?

Both were to authoritatively speak the word of God to the church in the years before the New Testament canon was complete. Their function was limited by the passing of time and they would ultimately be replaced by the evangelists and pastor/teachers mentioned in Ephesians 4:11.

Specifically - Apostles (sent ones)

preach the Word - 1Corinthians 1:17
teach and pray - Acts 6:4
work miracles - 2Corinthians 12:12
build leaders - Acts 14:23
write the Word - Ephesians 1:1 e.g.

Prophets (to the church)

delivered God's message in a specific manner - Acts 11:28, 21:10 (Agabus)

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