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Ephesians, Chapter Two, Lesson One

CREATED IN CHRIST            Page 2
V. 1 (Cont'd.)

** As he is writing this love letter to the Ephesians, does Paul think that they were terrible sinners, but fortunately he was a holy apostle?

No! He includes himself in this despicable condition, needing the grace of God like everyone
else. cf. V. 3 "Among them we too all..."

** What kind of death is Paul speaking of in this verse?

Spiritual death, they were physically alive (or they could not read his letter), but they could not respond to anything spiritual apart from God's grace.
cf. Matthew 8:21-22 and Ephesians 4:17-19

** What difference do you see between trespasses and sins?

Trespasses (paraptoma) - means to slip, fall or stumble, perhaps be going in the wrong direction. cf. Proverbs 7:24-27, Proverbs 19:27

Sins (hamartia) - indicates simply to miss the mark of a target. cf. Romans 3:23

V. 2 ** According to verse two, was this just an occasional problem for the unredeemed human race?

No, Paul says that we "formerly walked" in our trespasses and sins. This is indicating a present state, ongoing condition of life. A life of death!

** Do you think that non-Christians are very uncomfortable in this state?

Not at all! In fact, they love it and are very comfortable following every sinful impulse until they are convicted by God Himself. cf. John 3:19-20 and John 16:8

** According to this verse, who is it that set the standard for this dark world of unsaved sinners?

"...the prince of the power of the air..."

** Who is that?

Satan himself! cf. John 12:29-31, John 14:29-30 and 1John 5:19

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