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1Timothy, Chapter Two, Lesson Two

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V. 6 ** As God’s perfect mediator on behalf of men, what did Jesus Christ do to bring peace between sinful men and a holy God?

He “gave Himself as a ransom for all”. Our gracious Lord Jesus Christ was not a victim, but rather chose to give Himself for our salvation. cf. John 10:17-18

** What does the term “ransom” bring to your mind?

To pay the full price for someone’s deliverance from slavery. Lutron was a common word used for buying a slave’s freedom. Here Paul adds a preposition, making the term antilutron to infer that Christ did not merely pay a ransom to free us; but rather His life became our ransom as He died in our place. cf. 1Corithians 6:20, 1Peter 1:18-19

** How sufficient was this atoning work of Christ? For whom did Christ pay so high a ransom?

He gave Himself as a ransom “for all”. The price paid by Jesus Christ on the cross of Calvary was sufficient to ransom all of mankind.

A nineteenth century theologian by the name of William G.T. Shedd wrote,

“The atonement is sufficient in value to expiate the sin of all men indiscriminately; and this fact should be stated because it is a fact. There are no claims of justice not yet satisfied; there is no sin of man for which an infinite atonement has not been provided.”

** Does that mean that all will be saved?

No - Paul is saying that the self-sacrifice of Jesus Christ is sufficient to pay for the sins of the world. He is not saying that all will take advantage of the offer! Jesus Christ made that very clear in Matthew 20:28 when he said, “the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many”. Christ would go on to say, “many are called, but few are chosen” (Matthew 22:14) cf. Matthew 7:21, John 17:12

** What phrase does Paul use at the end of verse six to describe the amazing, sacrificial, atoning work of Jesus Christ?

He calls it “the testimony borne at the proper time.”

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