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1Timothy, Chapter One, Lesson One

CORRECTING ERROR            Page 3

V. 1 ** So with that brief backdrop to help our understanding, let’s get into our passage for today. Keeping in mind that Paul is about to call Timothy to the high position of “Correcting Error” among those in church leadership at Ephesus, by what authority does Paul communicate his instruction?

He was “an apostle of Christ Jesus”. The verb apostello, from which the noun apostolos (apostle) derives, means “to send off on a commission”.

** This important term describes an extremely small group of individuals. The original twelve disciples (minus Judas and adding Matthias) and Paul. What made these men so unique, how is it that they had the authority to speak on behalf of Christ?

1) They were personally chosen by Christ. cf. Luke 6:13, Acts 9:15-16
2) They were personal witnesses to the words, deeds and resurrection of Christ.
cf. Acts 1:21-22
3) They were gifted by the Holy Spirit to receive and impart divine truth. cf. John 14:26
4) They had power to cast out demons and heal the sick, which were all signs of a true apostle. cf. 2Corinthians 12:12 and Hebrews 2:2-4
5) They became the foundation upon which the rest of the church was to be built.
cf. Ephesians 2:19-20 and Acts 2:42

** What additional phrase does Paul use to illustrate his authority in writing to Timothy?

He was an apostle “according to the commandment of God our Savior”.
cf. Psalm 25:5, Titus 2:10 and 3:4

** Paul says that this commandment also came from Christ Jesus “who is our hope”, how does Christ working in concert with God our Savior bring about hope for Christians?

In doing the Father’s will, Christ died on the cross to bring about our only hope for salvation.
cf. Colossians 1:27

V. 2 ** So to whom is Paul writing according to verse two?

“to Timothy” - lit. “one who honors God”. He new the Scriptures from his childhood (2Timothy 3:14-15) and was a frequent companion and servant to the apostle Paul.

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